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Showing posts from April, 2009

You know its a bad recession when

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They sell the president's house.

KNOXVILLE — The University of Tennessee may sell the Georgian mansion that has been the official home of university presidents and chancellors since 1960.
Two UT trustee committees will meet next week in Nashville to consider putting the 11,000-square-foot, four-story house in Knoxville's toney Sequoyah Hills up for sale.
UT spokeswoman Gina Stafford says the timing is right for the university. UT is between presidents and is trying to save money. Resigned President John Petersen will have to be out by the end of May.
The house was last appraised at $90,000 in 1960. Former Presidents Wade Gilley and John Shumaker spent more than $1.3 million on it from 2001 to 2003.
Stafford says the next UT president will probably get a housing allowance. UT might sell president's house

The Georgia Adult Education Association

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Annual Meeting next month is free! This is the first case I've seen where an organization is waiving the registration fee for its annual meeting. I know from attending this conference in the past that they have built a good financial reserve, but this is an interesting step. They do a wonderful job fundraising with a silent auction, and use the revenue primarily scholarships. I wonder if other organizations will follow suit with free registration, or will they be forced to charge for budgetary reasons?

From the GAEA website at http://www.gaea.org/

It's Conference Time! Greetings GAEA! It's spring in Georgia and that means it's almost time for another GAEA Annual Meeting! This year the meeting is scheduled for May 12, 2009. Central Georgia Technical College will host what we believe will be our first ever drive-in, one day conference. Given recent events and their impact on all programs we felt that it was more important than ever to gather and discuss the timely and impo…

Park University

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Receives grant to work with veterans. ACHE is a partner in Park's grant; look for more news in upcoming Five Minutes with ACHE. http://www.acheinc.org/communications/publications.html

20 Colleges Receive Grants for Military Veterans
The Wal-Mart

The Wal-Mart Foundation and the American Council on Education today identified 20 colleges as recipients of Success for Vets Grants, meant to help them develop innovative ways to help veterans make the transition from military service to college. Each winner can use its $100,000 award to “accelerate the development of programs they already had in place,” said James Selbe, assistant vice president for lifelong learning at the council. Many of the winning proposals include plans to enhance veteran-support services, train faculty members to be aware of veterans’ needs, and create orientation programs about useful resources on and near the campus. Oregon’s Clackamas Community College, for example, plans to “develop standards for awarding credit …

Eliminating off-campus centers

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at Northern Arizona. And hindering access, as well.

Northern Arizona to Lay Off 45, Close 4 Campuses
Northern Arizona University will lay off 45 employees and close four satellite campuses because of state funding cuts, the Arizona Republic reports. Most of the positions are in the distance learning and enrollment departments. They do not include any faculty members. The layoffs are in addition to 100 positions that have been left unfilled. The four satellite campuses are in Nogales, Payson, Globe, and Holbrook, and officials also are closing dorm computer labs and suspending plans for occupational therapy and physician-assistant programs. Further layoffs are possible, as are universitywide furloughs next year.

Continuing higher education

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At community colleges may thrive with the passage of this legislation. It needs our support.

Unemployed and need to learn new skills to get hired again, but can't afford the tuition to go back to school? Help may be on the way. Democratic Senator Bob Casey of Pennsylvania is pushing for a new law that aims to pay community colleges nationwide $1,000 per student to retrain laid-off workers. Casey's bill would set up the Unemployment Tuition Assistance Program as part of the Department of Labor (DOL). People filing for unemployment benefits would be notified that tuition assistance may be available to them, and colleges that volunteer to participate would register with DOL for reimbursement, which Casey says would come from existing funds already allocated to job retraining in the department's budget.Read the whole story atTuition Help for the Unemployed Gains Traction

The best new terminology I discovered

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while traveling to the ACHE Midyear Board Meeting. They came from Delta Sky magazine, of all places. http://deltaskymag.com/

Blackberry Jam \BLAK-ber-ee jam\ noun: Delay caused by a person walking slowly, nose glued to PDA.

Brickberry \BRIK-ber-ee\ noun: The old clunker of a phone you're using while your iPhone is being repaired.

Brodown \BRO-doun\ noun: Boys' night out.

ShyPod \SHI-pod\ noun: Someone who won't share his or her iPod for fear of being exposed as a disco/country/Neil Diamond lover. [In the spirit of full disclosure, I have the Village People, Shania Twain, and Neil Diamond all on my iPhone. And--sigh--Michael Buble']

Textrovert \TEX-trow-vert\ noun: Someone who's comfortable revealing emotion via his or her thumbs.

Scenes from the ACHE

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Midyear Board Meeting. The meeting was held on the campus of the University of Oklahoma in Norman, OK. It was a good meeting, although it could have been chaired better. OU was a wonderful host.

And Arizona State wouldn't give President Obama

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An honorary doctorate. I'm glad UT can help balance out the injustice in the universe of honorary degrees. As far as I'm concerned, Dolly is deserving. By the way, the photograph is Dolly's bedroom in her old touring bus. I waited in line a half hour to take a look at Dollywood last year. From the tennessean.com.

Parton's presence to push UT to max
Dolly Parton fans hoping to catch a glimpse of the entertainer receiving an honorary doctorate during University of Tennessee commencement ceremonies May 8 will have to see her elsewhere, unless they're a graduate or a graduate's official guest.

The commencement for the College of Arts and Sciences is at Thompson-Boling Arena, and it "will be at full capacity" due to high interest in Parton's appearance, UT-Knoxville Chancellor Jimmy Cheek said Thursday in a memo to UT faculty, staff and students. For full story, click here.

My alma mater

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Is number 9! And one of my sons is attending number 7. And we finally have a quantifiable bikini criterion. Endless drunken arguments can be laid to rest. From reuters.com.
Playboy names University of Miami top US party school
Playboy magazine on Friday named the University of Miami as the top party school in the United States based on five criteria that included a nod to brainpower. The adult magazine, which has only occasionally published the party college list in the past but will now turn it into an annual feature, ranked the schools on campus life, sports, sex and academics, or "brains," as Playboy put it. As a last criteria, Playboy included "bikini" which combined weather, guy-to-girl ratio and cheerleaders.

But absent from the credentials were college bars and parties that exist on the fringe of campus life. "In order to make the list, you had to be a school where fun happens, so we threw that out and went to other criteria," said Playboy Assistant…

Be glad you don't draw a paycheck

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From this Tennessee institution. Because you wouldn't be. From the tennessean.com.

Lambuth University can't make payroll
Lambuth University officials announced Tuesday that the Jackson, Tenn., school will not be able to make its regularly scheduled payroll today. The business office was informed Monday that an anticipated line of credit would not be available as previously thought, according to a news release from the university.Jerry Israel, interim president of Lambuth, broke the news to the faculty and staff at a meeting in the R.E. Womack Chapel Tuesday afternoon.

Israel said Tuesday evening that he did not know how soon the university would be able to pay employees.

"It might be a day, it may be two," Israel said. "It may be relatively short-lived, but we won't know until it is over."

The university's financial difficulty is directly related to the credit crunch that has spread from Wall Street to communities throughout the country, Israel said.

&quo…

Missed this one

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Last Sunday on Easter. Swedish Easter Witches...

10 Things You Don't Know About Easter
Many of the things you don't know about Easter have to do with odd, intensely national Holy Week traditions. So why not start off with the most unexpected one — the Easter Witch. In Sweden and parts of Finland, a mini-Halloween takes place on either the Thursday or Saturday before Easter. Little girls dress up in rags and old clothes, too-big skirts and shawls and go door to door with a copper kettle looking for treats.The tradition is said to come from the old belief that witches would fly to a German mountain the Thursday before Easter to cavort with Satan. On their way back, Swedes would light fires to scare them away, a practice honored today by the bonfires and fireworks across the land in the days leading up to Sunday.

Lottery sales are up

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in Tennessee, but not everywhere. Tennessee Lottery sales during February set a record that surpasses every other month since its inception more than five years ago. “Not only is this great news for the education programs we fund, but also for the thousands who are winning prizes and having fun,” said Rebecca Hargrove, President and CEO of the Tennessee Lottery. Sales during February were $108,735,847, which breaks the previous record of $104,451,421 set during February 2006. http://tinyurl.com/avwju8

Reflecting Bad Times, Some Lotteries Hit Losing Streak By Andrea Stone, USA TODAY
State lotteries are down on their luck as players cut back on games of chance. From California, where sales for the past year are down 5%, to Florida, where sales slipped 7%, fewer people are gambling on scratch-off tickets and numbers games. "The economy probably has affected lottery sales the way it's affected all discretionary spending," says David Gale of the North American Association of St…

The American Distance Education Consortium

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website lists some useful assumptions and principles for distance education. You've probably seen similar "best practices," but these are good to have in your arsenal when you have to defend non-traditional instruction. Or your budgets.

ADEC Guiding Principles for Distance Teaching and Learning

Basic Assumptions

The principles that lend themselves to quality face-to-face learning environments are often similar to those found in web-based learning environments.

With all forms of media converging to a digital platform, advanced educational technology may include a variety of learning environments and information appliances.

While rapidly emerging technologies offer unlimited potential for virtual learning environments for both face-to-face as well as distance learners, practical application of existing technologies may often prove highly effective for various audiences and objectives.

Principles

The learning experience must have a clear purpose with tightly focused outcomes and…

A free University Business

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Web Seminar.

Engage and Inspire Them: How to Harness Lecture-Capture Technology to Improve Student Retention, Satisfaction and Grades
Wednesday, May 13, 2009 at 2pm, ET
Many of today's students juggle the demands of work, family, and study. Economic conditions, time, and geographical limitations impede their ability to access education and complete their selected programs. "Lecture capture" technology has proven to be an invaluable resource for bridging this gap. But can a lecture capture system really improve student retention, satisfaction and grades? Can it impact student engagement and increase participation in the classroom? Does the ability to review lectures multiple times, in part or in whole, from any location at anytime, using a browser, iPod or cell phone truly enhance students' ability to learn and grasp concepts? More Brought to you by Tegrity

I hope my level

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Is still off somewhere in the future.The Peter Principle is reissued today in a 40th Anniversary Edition. Remember the terms Hierarchiology, Level of Incompetence, Percussive Sublimation ("being kicked upstairs: a pseudo promotion") and Peter's Circumambulation ("a detour around a super-incumbent," who is "a person above you who, having reached his level of incompetence, blocks your path to promotion.")?

The following excerpt comes from the new preface by Bob Sutton, a Stanford management professor.

A new look at "The Peter Principle"

Dr. Peter observed that one reason so many employees are incompetent is that that the skills required to get a job often have nothing to do with what is required do the job itself. The skills required to run a great political campaign have little to do with the skills required to govern. There is nothing about being a great surgeon that prepares a doctor to run a hospital. Learning to be a great litigator in no wa…

The green door

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closes. Former Ivory Snow model and Personal Choice Party Vice President candidate Marilyn Chambers died on Monday.

Marilyn Chambers, the Ivory Snow Porn Star, Dead at 56 The sad news is that Chambers, to quote the title from a 1974 movie she did not appear in, is 99 and 44/100% dead. The actress was discovered last night in her mobile home in Santa Clarita, near Los Angeles, by her teenage daughter McKenna Taylor, from the last of Chambers' three marriages. An autopsy will be performed; foul play is not suspected.
She lived in a trailer?

A Tennessee university

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announces three-year degrees.Meh. By attending in the summer, students can complete a degree two semesters sooner. They're still enrolled for a total of eight semesters; however, the same amount as if they had attended for four years without summers. Unless I'm missing something, I don't see how you save money if you live the same number of semesters on campus (perhaps summer room and board is priced differently), but you do start earning a salary as a college graduate earlier. So you can start paying back those student loans sooner.

Lipscomb to offer 3-year degree programs

Lipscomb University announced today it would offer three-year bachelor’s degree programs as part of an initiative aimed at giving greater access to community college students and veterans of the Iraq and Afghanistan wars.

The program would allow students in 54 majors to complete their studies in three calendar years, including two summer semesters. Students could save more than $10,000 in tuition, room and…

Visitor from the Land

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Down Under. I spent a delightful morning with David Foote, who works in the Vocational Education and Training area of Goulburn Ovens Institute of TAFE. It's located in the Northeast area of Victoria, Australia. His area of expertise is Agriculture but because of his role, he has a broad interest in Adult Education. From what I could gather, his organization operates in a fashion similar to our university extension service. David and I share in-laws, which makes us sort of family. He's a great guy, and now we have a standing offer of a place to stay if we visit Australia.

Eduventures survey

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Recession Has Changed Views Among Prospective Adult Students, Study Finds
By ERIC HOOVER at http://chronicle.com/daily/2009/04/14991n.htm

Nearly half of adult students believe the value of education has increased over the last year due to the economic crisis, according to a survey released this week by Eduventures Inc., an education-consulting firm.

Twenty-five percent of respondents said the value had not changed significantly. And only 20 percent said the value of additional education had decreased, meaning that they believed it was less likely to earn them a raise or better job.
At the same time, the survey found that the economy had affected the plans of prospective adult students in different ways. Thirty-six percent of respondents said the economy had caused them to "slow down or delay" plans to pursue education, while 31 percent said the economy had had little or no effect. Meanwhile, 18 percent said the economy had prompted them to think about furthering their education …

To help the economy

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We just bought the Wii Fit. I'm sad to report that my avatar is overweight. I don't don't what's wrong with the lazy s.o.b. Maybe I can leave the unit on, so he can exercise while I'm at work.

Writing that cover letter

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Insidehighered.com has some good advice on writing a cover letter for a community college job. In fact, it's good advice for almost any academic cover letter. Here a sample:

Explicitly match the description of your skills to the requirements of the job as it is posted. Since the subject of your letter is way you’ll fit the institution, show yourself to be professionally active and intellectually engaged. Offer generous specific examples from your teaching or other relevant experience in order to provide the audience with information they’ll find helpful. Show your interest not only in the topic, your fit for the college, but connect with the audience evoked in all teaching, the students.Avoid the salutation “To Whom It May Concern."
Read the rest at Writing a Cover Letter for a Community College Job

I may have mentioned that

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iPhone downloads appear to be popular. As in over one billion served, popular.

Apple nears 1 billion mark for iPhone App downloads Apple expects to move the 1 billionth download of an iPhone App over the next few days, and is running a countdown on its site to honor the big moment.

To whet your whistle, Apple is staging a contest for downloaders. Prizes include a $10,000 iTunes gift card, Macbook Pro and iPod Touch. On the page, Apple also offers a chart of the top 20 best-selling Apps ever. Here's the top 5 in the free and paid categories:

Free:
1. Facebook
2. Google Earth
3. Pandora
4. Tap Tap Revenge
5. Shazam

Paid:
1. Crash Bandicott Nitro
2. Koi Pond
3. Enigmo
4. Bejeweled 2
5. IBeer

ACHE South

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and LACHE 2009 Annual Conference

Hilton Capitol Center
Baton Rouge, Louisiana
April 27-29, 2009

REGISTRATION
NEW: a Tuesday-only Day rate of $115.00 and a Grad student rate of $75.00

For the Conference Program, Click Here
To register for the conference, visit http://www.peopleware.net/0177/index.cfm?eventDisp=FACHE


For more information, contact: Thad Laiche
LSU Continuing Education
225-578-6327 tlaiche@outreach.lsu.edu

The winner of the 186th annual

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Peters Hollow Egg Fight, held each Easter. From the Johnson City Press:
Egg fight historians say the first fight began in 1823. It’s believed to be one of the oldest continuing competitions in the country. Every Easter Sunday crowds of people flock to the backyard of Norman Peters’ home for a time of
fellowship, competition and fun.http://www.johnsoncitypress.com/09/News/article.php?ID=68252

What to do this month in Tennessee

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April's Festivals & Fairs.
They're expecting 40,000 visitors to South Pittsburg, Tennessee? I don't even know where that is! Anyway, I can hardly wait for the 14th Annual RC and Moon Pie Festival in Bell Buckle. And don't call it Belt Buckle. http://www.bellbucklechamber.com/rcmoon.html


April 16 -April 18, 2009
Rivers & Spires Festival
Clarksville, Tennessee
Showcases heritage, tells history, honors our military heroes, culivates the arts,tourism, 5 stages, free
Estimated attendees-30,000
931-245-4344


April 17 -April 18, 2009
Old Time Bluegrass and Fiddler's Jamboree
Holladay, Tennessee
Estimated attendees-1000
731-847-2274

April 18 -April 19, 2009
Home Grown & Hand Made
Pikeville, Tennessee
2nd Annual Tennessee Volunteer Gourd Society's Annual Gourd/Craft Show
Estimated attendees-1000
423-304-5637


April 24 -April 25, 2009
Brimstock Bluegrass Festival
Moss, Tennessee
Free Camping - Fun Dog Show - Corn Toss - Family Fun Weekend
Estimated attendees-1000
931-258-4499

April…

College freshmen

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And the recession. Intuitively, we could expect more students to live at home and commute to school, more students to attend community colleges, and more students to attend in-state. As far as adult students go, cost and location have always been crucial and cost has certainly moved to the forefront.
How the Recession Is Changing Students' College Plans
A recent survey found that the recession is forcing more than 70 percent of prospective college students to alter their plans for the upcoming school year, sometimes in drastic ways. When asked how their college plans might change, 53 percent of students said they are considering attending a less expensive college, and 47 percent said they are planning to work as freshmen. Many incoming freshmen are also likely to rely more heavily on financial aid counseling (43 percent) and to borrow more heavily (38 percent).The survey, which drew responses from 1,030 households representing a wide range of incomes in all 50 states, reveals the h…

In Suddenly Last Supper

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Jeremy Barker posts 50 pop culture parodies of Leonardo da Vinci's Last Supper.
Here's the iPhone Last Supper. See them all at http://culturepopped.blogspot.com/2007/04/suddenly-last-supper.html

From Five Minutes with ACHE

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This is a reprint of my recent column from Five Minutes...

Continuing Higher Education and the President’s Priorities
It didn’t take him long. Before he finished his first 50 days in office, President Barack Obama identified higher education as one of his governing priorities. And although we weren’t specifically named, our continuing higher education community has a major role to play.
In his address to a joint session of Congress last month, the President called for every American to pursue some form of education beyond high school. His goal is to have the world’s highest proportion of college graduates by 2020. It’s a lofty goal. Currently, the United States ranks 10th, with 39% of 25-34 year olds holding an associate degree or higher. Our neighbor, Canada, ranks significantly higher.
Following his address, President Obama released the broad outlines of his first budget, a budget that contains—using the language of American Council on Education’s president, Molly Corbett Broad—“unpre…

Call for proposals

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for the Adult Higher Education Alliance's 29th annual conference. * Call for Proposals
We invite you to submit a proposal for presenting at our annual conference in Chicago. We invite proposals that are organized in the best spirit of adult learning; they will provoke active participation and questioning, they will enhance our work as scholars-practitioners, and allow for a range of ideas and points of view to be expressed. We value presentations that are grounded in solid research as well as those that provide creative approaches to stimulating adult learning that are based in practice. Review the AHEA 2009 Call for Proposals (PDF/112KB) criteria and guidelines. Our emphasis is on interactive sessions which engage conference attendees. Complete and submit an AHEA Proposal Form (Word/31KB) by the deadline of May 15, 2009. http://www.ahea.org/conference/annual.htm#proposals

I may have mentioned that

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I love my iPhone. So does Matt Selman. I think, he does, anyway. Here's his iPhone Terms of Service Agreement

1) I agree that whenever I have my iPhone on my person, I will never be fully mentally present. If I am at work, I will be thinking about my iPhone. If I am with my wife, I will be thinking about my iPhone. If I am awake and near my iPhone, I will be thinking about my iPhone.

2) I agree that I will not check my email ten times a day on the computer. I will check my email 10,000 times a day on my iPhone.

3) I agree that I will let my kids take endless blurry photos of the dog with the iPhone camera. At work, I will painstakingly erase these photos instead of working.

4) I agree that I will immediately shut off the AT&T 3G network, as it is still slow as Hell and drains the batteries fast as Hell and doesn't really seem much faster.

5) I agree I will never use any of the apps I install – except “LOSE IT!” –which I will enter my daily food intake with the obsessiveness o…

What's wrong with

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Just serving Two Buck Chuck?

The University of California at San Francisco has told medical faculty members that they cannot spend more than $75 in university money on a bottle of wine at a recruitment dinner or other official event, The San Francisco Chronicle reported. A by-the-glass limit of $15 was also set. A spokesman said that most professors understand the need to limit such spending, but that there have been periodic incidents that prompted the new rules. He noted one recently rejected expense voucher for a dinner for six people where half the bill was for wine.
Medical Faculty Told to Limit Wine Spending to $75 a Bottle

Distance education community college enrollments

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keep growing according to a report released at the American Association of Community Colleges annual meeting. From insidehighered.com:

A national survey of colleges by the Instructional Technology Council, an affiliate of the community college group, found that distance enrollments grew 11.3 percent from fall 2006 to fall 2007, the most recent period for which full data are available. Last year, the survey found an increase of 18 percent over the previous year. Given several recent years of significant gains in distance enrollments, such increases "could not be sustained indefinitely," says the report. It also notes that the administrators who provided answers for the survey said that they faced resource constraints on expanding distance programs.

Indeed the top three challenges listed by distance education administrators in the survey, identical to last year's results, all related to resources needed to expand distance programs while keeping them at high quality: support …

Greetings from

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Hedgesville, West Virginia and the ACHE Mid-Atlantic regional meeting. Here I am with the new Mid-Atlantic Chair, Jim Duffy.

Early bird registration

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ends soon for the National Institute on the Assessment of Adult Learning 2009: The Next Generation conference.

June 10 - 12 Nassau Inn Princeton. N.J.
The National Institute on the Assessment of Adult Learning provides an intensive learning experience for professionals in education who are involved, or have recently become involved in the assessment of adult learning. Assessing adult learning encompasses many areas, such as: Prior Learning Assessment (PLA)
Authentication of adult learners
Assessing adult learning in all kinds of distance education settings
Assessment methodologies for distance education settings

The main goals of the National Institute are to address issues of interest to novices and experienced professionals alike, such as the development and growth of assessment programs (including a PLA program), student advising, faculty development, research, quality assurance, and current issues and trends. The National Institute also serves as a venue to share experiences in a casual e…

Welcome to

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The big city.
I know I'm a small town boy, but I got my first exposure to Boston culture at Logan International Airport. Once you arrive, to get a taxi, you get in line and an airport employee identifies the cab that you are supposed to hire. I asked her "Do they all take plastic" and she told me no but gave me no other information. Then she points me to my taxi. I ask the driver if he takes a credit card and he says no so the gatekeeper motions me to stand next to her. In the meantime, she's pointing folks to taxis and yelling at them for going to the wrong one. She must have said something to me because the next thing I know she's snapping her fingers in my face and telling me to go to the taxi pulling up ahead. It must be comforting to know that you have a job in the afterlife--traffic cop in hell. *
As I'm getting ready to check out of the Marriott Copley Place, I ask the concierge about reserving me a taxi. He refused, saying they were one of the biggest h…

Please come to Boston

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for the springtime.http://tinyurl.com/74no2s

I'm on the road to represent ACHE at the UCEA Conference in Boston, MA. Looking forward to it. I haven't been to Boston in years, since I dropped my father-in-law at the airport when we were visiting New Hampshire. It's good to get out of my comfort zone and experience a conference from an outsider's point of view. I haven't been to a UCEA conference in a long time, and while I expect to know quite a few folks there, it's still a new environment and a new learning experience.
www.ucea.edu/profdev/2009annconf/index.html

I may have mentioned that

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That I love my iPhone, iVanna. Now if it can only find me a Red Sox bar here in Boston this week...
New iPhone app finds nearby sports bars

As March Madness enters the Sweet 16 and Major League Baseball prepares for Opening Day, you might be thinking about where to meet your pals to watch a game. Well, technology can lend a hand. I’ve been testing a cool (and free) iPhone app, FanFinder Mobile (right), to find sports bars. The best part is that you can sort bars by team loyalties.

So, for example, if you’re a Michigan State alumnus, you can find Chicago bars that cater to Spartan fans. If you root for Purdue, you can search for the bars that welcome Boilermakers. If you’re a road warrior on a trip during a can’t-miss game, this is a great tool to find a place filled with like-minded fans.

Eric Benderoff in chicagotribune.com at http://tinyurl.com/dg8h8o

A fool

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By any other name.

Each country celebrates April Fool’s differently. In France, the April Fool’s is called "April Fish" (Poisson d'Avril). The French fool their friends by taping a paper fish to their friends’ backs and when some discovers a this trick, they yell "Poisson d’Avril"! In England, tricks can be played only in the morning. If a trick is played on you, you are a "noodle". In Scotland, April Fools Day is 48 hours long and you are called an "April Gowk", which is another name for a cuckoo bird. The second day in Scotland’s April Fool's is called Taily Day and is dedicated to pranks involving the buttocks. Taily Day's gift to posterior posterity is the still-hilarious "Kick Me" sign. In Portugal, April Fool's is celebrated on the Sunday and Monday before Lent. The traditional trick there is to throw flour at your friends. www.geocities.com/atine6/

Happy All Fools Day

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