Online education and the community college

It's hardly surprising that students who are less academically prepared might struggle with online classes, but here's the research to back it up. I wonder too if community college students have the same access to high speed internet as students at four-year institutions?  From The Hechinger Report.

Five studies find online courses are not working well at community colleges
Here’s an unusual case where scholarly research is producing a clear conclusion: online instruction at community colleges isn't working. Yet policymakers are continuing to fund programs to expand online courses at these schools, which primarily serve low-income minority students, and community college administrators are planning to offer more and more of them. 
The latest salvo comes from researchers at the University of California-Davis, who found that community college students throughout California were 11 percent less likely to finish and pass a course if they opted to take the online version instead of the traditional face-to-face version of the same class. The still-unpublished paper, entitled Online Course-taking and Student Outcomes in California Community Colleges, was presented on April 18, 2015, at the American Educational Research Association’s annual conference in Chicago. 
“In every subject, students are doing better face-to-face,” said Cassandra Hart, one of the paper’s authors. “Other studies have found the same thing. There’s a strong body of evidence building up that students are not doing quite as well in online courses, at least as the courses are being designed now in the community college sector.”


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